Colombo, Human Rights, Human Security, Media and Communications, Peace and Conflict, Politics and Governance

None Other Than Mahinda Rajapaksha!

Lasantha Wickrematunga faced his last moments at an unusual time at an unusual place. From the moment he left home the day he was murdered, he was aware that he was being tailed. He informed his friends of this fact on the phone. One friend had advised him to immediately go to a safe place. Lasantha’s reply was that ‘…at most, I will be killed.’ He had realised that if he had gone to a safe place, it would only be postponing his death for a few more days. He was an unarmed man driving his own car. There is no safety for the civil population of this country. If someone decides that another should be liquidated, it is a dead cert that it will happen any time.

The moment I heard Lasantha was shot, I made my way to the Kalubowila hospital. On the road, I was reminded of the trip I took to the same hospital on a similar occasion when I heard that another Editor, Rohana Kumara, was shot. That day, the Ravaya Editor, Victor Ivan who also at one time was top of the hit list, accompanied me.

Rohana Kumara was shot dead during the tail end of the first presidential period of Chandrika, on 7 September 1999. That was the time when her regime carried out the most brutal activities against the media of the country and against democracy. A Minister who was sidelined in her Cabinet wanted to show he was shocked, and in secret, to do something for the freedom and safety of journalists. I had discussions with him and paved the way for him to make it up with Victor Ivan, the Convener of the Free Media Movement, whom he did not like much.

This Minister was induced to publicly take the lead in establishing a broad front to re-establish democracy in the country. One evening during that period, that Minister, together with Hemasiri Fernando, who had held the position of Secretary to Prime Minister Sirimavo Bandaranaike, Victor Ivan, and myself were at Hemasiri’s house, when I received a telephone call: ‘A journalist has been shot at Delkanda.’ Hemasiri gave several telephone calls and identified the journalist as Rohana Kumara. “This is a job of Chandrika and Sanath,” the Minister said. This Minister, who had been sidelined by Chandrika, and who had promised to come forward to safeguard democracy and media freedom, was none other than the present President Mahinda Rajapaksha. The accusation he levelled against Chandrika that day has boomeranged on him. For the first time, following Lasantha’s assassination, slogans have appeared accusing him of murder: “Ghathakaya Satakaya“.

During the period of this President’s regime, 17 journalists and media workers have been killed. Two years ago, when the Free Media Movement officially met the President, we requested him to bring before the law, symbolically, the murderer of at least one journalist. At a personal meeting a few months ago, I reminded him of that request. So far nothing has happened.

President Rajapaksha called Lasantha a ‘terrorist journalist‘ during an interview with Reporters Without Borders last October. He said the same thing to us last September, when we meeting with him. President of the Sri Lanka Working Journalists’ Association, Sanath Balasuriya, and its Secretary, Poddala Jayantha, accompanied me as the Convenor of the Free Media Movement to this meeting with President Rajapaksha. Mahinda Rajapaksha called Lasantha “Kotiyek” (a tiger) during that meeting. He made the same remark about MTV head, Raja Mahendran as well. After the meeting the President asked us to join him for dinner, but we politely declined the invitation.

The same night I phoned both Lasantha and Raja Mahendran and told them what the President had told us.

After Lasantha was killed this same President says, amongst many other stories, that Lasantha Wickramatunge was a very good friend of his! That Lasantha and he had dinner together! This is like the legend about the dinner invitation to those marked out for assassination by the Mafia. I don’t know whether Lasantha had dinner with the Mafia or with Mahinda Rajapaksha. But I know one thing: he never went to the breakfast meetings with the President like all the other Editors. It seems that if a Sri Lankan journalist is to survive, he or she should never miss breakfast with the President.

Individual terrorism will result only in short-term advantages. In the short term, a government can control the media. However, it cannot be done over the long term. What was the fate of President Premadasa with the murder of Richard de Soyza? No doubt the bouquets he received for suppressing the JVP during that period and for other factors would have encouraged him to take that suppressive approach. Weren’t members of the smaller political parties who were frightened and became apprehensive by the smallest of actions, be ever so grateful to Premadasa for saving their lives? Didn’t they join the UNP in hordes? Yet, all these advantageous factors turned to be a mirage with the murder of Richard de Soyza. His worst enemy turned out to be the political victories, such as the suppression of the JVP, that generated in him an overweening confidence.

Will the Rajapaksha government forget this political lesson?

Editors note: It’s been two months to the day since Lasantha was killed. Reacting to his murder, Groundviews exclusively published a number of incisive comments and submissions by former Sri Lankan President Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunge, Dayan Jayatilleke, former JVP General Secretary Lionel Bopage, Prof. Sumanasiri Liyanage and other award winning Sri Lankan poets and popular bloggers. Access this content here.