Jaffna, Peace and Conflict, Politics and Governance, Post-War

Appeal from the Tamil Civil Society to the International Community regarding the upcoming resolution in the UNHRC on Sri Lanka

This appeal, signed by civil society activists who live and work in the North and East of Sri Lanka, seeks to state our position with regard to the resolution on Sri Lanka to be tabled at the 22nd sessions of the UN Human Rights Council. We understand that the resolution will seek to provide more time to the Government of Sri Lanka to implement the recommendations contained in the Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission and that it will fall short of calling for an international independent investigation to hold to account those responsible for the Crime of Genocide, War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity. If this resolution would contain only the above and no further, in our opinion, it would be truly unfortunate.

We firmly believe that giving more time to the Government of Sri Lanka will lead to irrevocable damage being inflicted on the Tamils. There has been much talk about the ‘progress’ with implementing the LLRC. We welcome HE Navaneetham Pillay, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights’ report to the 22nd session of the UNHRC wherein she acknowledges the lack of any significant progress in the implementation of the recommendations of the LLRC. We also welcome her call for international independent investigations. However we are disappointed that she still believes and prescribes that the problems faced by the Tamils people in post war- Sri Lanka can be resolved using the LLRC framework.

The main problem with an LLRC based approach to accountability and reconciliation is that it entrusts the task of finding solutions to the problems of the Tamil people in the hands of a regime that is responsible for it. The LLRC and the Geneva Resolution of 2012 deposited their trust in a local process that has forever demonstrated unwillingness in dealing with the issues that challenge the very existence of the Tamil people. But in fact the current ‘internal processes’ and ‘local mechanisms’ are those that are responsible for the problems faced by the Tamil people.

The agenda of the present regime is to buy time to complete its agenda of Sinhalisation in the North and East and thus destroy the existence of the Tamil people in this island country as a collectivity and their political status as a nation. Geneva 2012 gave the Sri Lankan Government the time that it wanted to pursue this agenda. The 22nd session resolution by again insisting on a local process will give further time for the GOSL to complete its agenda. It is very important that the Sri Lankan Government’s post-war approach, isn’t seen merely as a lack of commitment to ‘reconciliation’. It is a set of systematic policies that are deliberately designed to weaken the collective existence of Tamils as a political group – as a nation in the North and East of Sri Lanka. In our opinion what is happening on the ground constitutes a continuing, rolling, systemic genocide against the Tamil people. The 2012 resolution failed to take into account this reality. The 2013 resolution, if it is to alleviate the post-war sufferings of the Tamil people, needs to move beyond the LLRC framework. For this purpose, we think that it is time for the UNHRC to invoke the ‘Responsibility to Protect’ doctrine and call for a transitional administration for the North and East of Sri Lanka.

The R2P Doctrine suffered a huge blow in May 2009 when the International Community watched over grave abuses being inflicted on the Tamil people. The doctrine will become a dead letter in international law unless used in the appropriate cases, in a timely manner, in the interests of oppressed peoples. The North and East of Sri Lanka needs a transitional administration because the Government of Sri Lanka has failed its inhabitants, the Tamils, historically, including in the post-war context. To call for a transitional administration should not be interpreted as a call for a separate state. The social transition of the Tamil people from an environment of war and oppression to an environment of peace and justice cannot be achieved under the present framework of Governance. Given that the Government of Sri Lanka and the Sinhala Buddhist polity in general, is reluctant to seriously engage with the political solution question we think that an interim arrangement is of urgent necessity. Hence the call for a transitional administration. The idea of a transitional/interim administration has been explored before in the 2002-2005 peace process and in the post-Tsunami context in Sri Lanka. It needs to be given serious re-thought in the current context.

Regarding the subject of accountability as noted earlier we endorse the call by HE Navaneetham Pillay in her report to the 22nd sessions calling for international independent investigations. The LLRC it has been widely acknowledged is a failure on the question of accountability. No steps have been taken by the GOSL in installing a local process to deal with the accountability issues. We believe that the GOSL neither has the capacity or willingness to undertake any investigations. As HE Navaneetham Pillay implied in her statement on the impeachment of the Chief Justice, the appointment of Mr. Mohan Pieris as CJ, an open and vigorous defender of the Government’s conduct of the war, the prospects of accountability through a local process have become nil.  The UNSG’s Panel of Experts report contains the best of recommendations on accountability and should be given heed to.

We conclude sincerely hoping that the upcoming resolution in the 22nd session of the UNHRC will help the Tamil people climb out of the precarious situation that they are in at present. Geneva 2012 resolution was a very weak demonstration of the global community’s power to bring about positive change in the lives of an affected population. Geneva 2013 is an opportunity to correct the mistakes of 2012. As we write this appeal and as the text of the resolution is being debated in Geneva, a journalist in Jaffna has been attacked, Tamils seeking to agitate about the problems of the disappeared have been prevented from doing so in Vavuniya and from Mulliyavalai in the Mullaitivu district there are reports that the SL Army has asked people to handover private lands to make way for a new army camp. This is a clear demonstration that Geneva is not having an impact on Sri Lanka. We hope that you revisit and revise the draft resolution and strengthen it to make it effective in dealing with the problems that we have identified in this statement.

  • Punitham

    Tamil Nadu students,
    Please stop your fast and take this to students in ALL the states in India and in ALL other countries too.

    • Punitham

      Tamil Nadu students
      Thank you for pointing out the inadequacy of UNHRC resolution brought in by the US.

      NOW you’ve to send/take this letter around asap as much as possible.

  • sahn

    The words Of the socalled Civil society Copied and pasted via head quarters from the LTTE int Western Groups London-Jaffna-Geneva. But the stories are synchronized.. This was ture when the LTTE in its combat form issued statements from The north Via London and to the rest.. Clearly this shows a biased and full of false repetitions of the Western LTTE groups who once funded and Armed terror now re organised as HR groups as one does. Any person who has recently been to Jaffna knows the Truth.. There are more Int Tamils who have returned to the island now to claim their land deeds and Try and displace other Tamils who have the same deeds to the Land by bribing officals.. Last year how Tamils protested when muslim Traders wanted to build a mosque in Jaffna were prevented.

    • rita

      sahn

      LTTE want Tamil Eealam ONLY – they’re opposed to the moderates.

      • Burning_Issue

        What is moderate about not implementing the LLRC recommendations? What aspects do you regard as moderate that the MR regime projects in relation to the Tamils or the minorities for that matter?

    • Burning_Issue

      It is a pity that you are incapable of thinking beyond the LTTE to form an objective opinion. If the MR regime has been sincerely implementing the LLRC recommendations, this situation would not have arisen; the LTTE has nothing to do with this!

  • Davidson

    Students in India may use this letter to spread the message in the whole of India – their round-the-clock fast shows their keen interest in the affairs of the Tamils in Sri Lanka.

    • Burning_Issue

      I do not believe that the TN student action will help the SL Tamils in any way; if anything it will exacerbate the already chronic insecurity that the Sinhala Buddhist blindly suffer from! The UN resolution targets the MR regime that should be encouraged through state lobbying.

      • warforpeacehypocrite

        Could you tell us how has the situation gotten better for Tamils after the resolution was passed initially or how it has changed the attitude of the Sinhalese for the better? I am sure many of us are waiting for these answers.

      • karl singham

        I think Burning Issue is right.The agitation bt the sudents in Tamil Nadu as well as the the speeches by TN politicians will only feed the paranoia of the Sinhala extremists and irritate even the moderates.This kind of interest shown by the tn people has been going on for 50 years or so without it makong any p[poistive impact on the Tamil problem in Sri Lanka.It only fulills some of the emotional needs of these poilticians and ebnables them to win elections.They should focus on the social problems in their own society — of which there are many –and allow Sri Lanka to solve its own problems and not engage in futile theatrical gestures

  • PROF. KOPAN MAHADEVA

    I wrote a comment patiently but it got lost at the submission stage.
    Please recover and publish it. Thanks.

    • Sorry – there is no record of it.

      • PROF. KOPAN MAHADEVA

        OK. Thanks for your prompt response. What happened was this: Your ‘identity’ instructions such as ‘Three x = 12’ appear AFTER the
        ‘Submit Comment’ instruction. Hence I first pressed the ‘Submit
        Comment’ and before I could get on to the ‘identity’ requirement,
        my message vanished (probably got deleted). To send my earlier brief
        report to you (of this situation) I completed the ‘identity’ first,
        and then pressed ‘Submit Comment’, which procedure I will follow for
        this admin-like message too. Since this will help your other readers
        also, I believe you will publish this message. I will make my main
        contribution (again) within the next one hour or so. Thanks.

        • If you don’t complete the captcha BEFORE you hit Submit, the system treats your comment as spam from a spambot. This is the basis of all catpcha systems, and not unique to GV.

          • PROF. KOPAN MAHADEVA, LONDON

            Comments to GROUNDVIEWS, 14-03-2013, sent at 1500 hours.

            I read the above Appeal of the Tamil Civil Society (which does merit serious consideration), only today, on the web’s ‘groundviews’. It is addressed in general to the International Community, but also requests (in its inner contents) UNHRC’s current 22nd Sessions to take certain actions based on it, in Geneva 2013. My comments and advice follow:

            Firstly I see several logistics and timing problems in doing so. How? Geneva 2013 is scheduled tomorrow (15-03-2013) to enter a very crucial phase, based on submissions already made weeks & months ago. Secondly, since the GOSL has not yet implemented Geneva 2012’s requirements fully, is it not practical that it should be given more time (even one year) to try to complete its task? Thirdly, although UN’s R2P Doctrine is indeed relevant, how is it practicable for Geneva 2013 to pursue it at this stage, with no time to consider such a move, with the pros and cons of the procedures to follow it? Fourthly, in any case Sri Lanka’s problems have finally to be resolved there, within the country itself, through the government in power with its conscientious initiative and co- operation. This is true whichever party or alliance is in power at any time.

            Hence it is wise and pragmatic for all sides to exercise patience, with due perseverance, to proceed cautiously and steadily to solving Sri Lanka’s problems, by unitedly forging a solution in today’s fortunate no-war scenario where there are no large-scale deaths and destruction, though we still have substantial suffering and fears, particularly among the Tamil-speaking populations. — Professor Kopan Mahadeva, London.

          • rita

            GV
            ‘Three x = 12? appear AFTER the ‘Submit Comment’ instruction.

          • It APPEARS after the Submit button but needs to be completed BEFORE one hits the Submit button.

  • PROF. KOPAN MAHADEVA

    I read the above Appeal of the Tamil Civil Society (which does merit serious consideration), only today, on the web’s ‘groundviews’. It is addressed in general to the International Community, but also requests (in its inner contents) UNHRC’s current 22nd Sessions to take certain actions based on it, in Geneva 2013. My comments and advice follow:

    Firstly I see several logistics and timing problems in doing so. How? Geneva 2013 is scheduled tomorrow (15-03-2013) to enter a very crucial phase, based on submissions already made weeks & months ago. Secondly, since the GOSL has not yet implemented Geneva 2012’s requirements fully, is it not practical that it should be given more time (even one year) to try to complete its task? Thirdly, although UN’s R2P Doctrine is indeed relevant, how is it practicable for Geneva 2013 to pursue it at this stage, with no time to consider such a move, with the pros and cons of the procedures to follow it? Fourthly, in any case Sri Lanka’s problems have finally to be solved there, within the country itself, through the government in power with its conscientious initiative and co- operation (whichever party or alliance is in power, at any time).

    Hence it is pragmatic for all sides to exercise patience, with due perseverance to proceed cautiously and steadily to solving Sri Lanka’s problems, by unitedly forging a solution in today’s fortunate no-war scenario where there are no large-scale deaths and destruction, though we still have subatantial suffering and fears, particularly among the Tamil-speaking populations. — Professor Kopan Mahadeva, London.

  • The Tamil people of the island are a much endangered species, like the Veddah people who are reduced to a countable few after 2000 years! But in 65 short years the former are being reduced murderously under the fictitious “war on terror” while the UN looked the other side! This is genocide under an autocracy under various ruses of road development and LLRC-an empty process to fool everybody! SL still being sold arms to protect from piracy on the sea while internalised piracy of its ethnic minority is at full throttle! Can UNHRC help? Let’s wait and watch while SL New York mission to UN celebrate human rights while the country is afloat with mass graves of its own citizens!This is 21st century human rights?

  • Off the Cuff

    To The Tamil Civil Society (sic),

    Practising Deception as before, to create ethnic strife again?

    “This appeal, signed by civil society activists who live and work in the North and East of Sri Lanka,….”

    For how long have you been living and working in the North and East?
    Did you find your voice only after May 2009?
    Why have we not heard of your Human Rights concerns BEFORE May 2009?
    Is it because you supported the LTTE Ideology and is now trying to use a Trojan Horse to achieve what you could not achieve by armed force?

    On 07/31/2012 • 7:50 pm I requested you to substantiate the frivolous claims you made in the previous Tamil Civil Society Memo but to date you have been unable to do so.(http://groundviews.org/2012/07/29/tamil-civil-society-memo-to-the-tna-regarding-the-eastern-provincial-council-elections/#comment-47507)

    “trust in a local process that has forever demonstrated unwillingness in dealing with the issues that challenge the very existence of the Tamil people. But in fact the current ‘internal processes’ and ‘local mechanisms’ are those that are responsible for the problems faced by the Tamil people.”

    What are the issues that challenge the very existence of the Tamil People when the Tamil People live and work everywhere in Lanka? Please be specific without trying to hoodwink the readers. I doubt your ability to do so.

    “complete its agenda of Sinhalisation in the North and East and thus destroy the existence of the Tamil people in this island country as a collectivity and their political status as a nation”

    What is your agenda?
    Continuation of the Tamilisation of Lanka that started in the 1840s?
    In 1911 there were 528,000 Lanka Tamils and 531,000 foreign Tamils from Tamil Nadu (Official Census). Foreign Tamils overwhelmed the indigenous Tamil population of Lanka.

    Where did these Foreign Tamils live and work? In the North and East?
    According to History they were domiciled in Land STOLEN from the Sinhalese by the Govt of the day which dispossessed and evicted the Sinhalese from 90% of the Sinhalese Hinterland Lands and made homeless over 40% of Sinhalese Agricultural Peasants.

    Tamilisation of Sinhala Lands occurred on such a massive scale that even today, many Sinhala peasants are Landless.

    Please read the Crown Land Enforcement Ordinance of 1840
    Crown Land Encroachment Ordinance in 1840
    Waste Land Ordinance Act of 1897
    Land Settlement Ordinance of 1889

    And the works of the following Historians to get a real understanding of Tamilisation and the adverse efects of Tamilisation of the Sinhala Habitat.
    Farmer 1957:90-91
    Herath 1995:77
    Roberts 1979:233
    Obeysekara 1967: 98-100
    Obeysekara 1967:101
    Mendis 1951:166
    Mendis 1951:85.
    Codrington 1938:63
    Herath 1995:79

    The East was never a Historical Tamil Kingdom and even in the 17 th Century, the Land SOUTH of Elephant Pass (the Boundary between the Jaffna Pennisula and Mainland Sri Lanka) was under the Kandyan Kingdom of the Sinhalese.

    The Following DUTCH record is irrefutable proof of that Fact.

    Extract
    During the 17th century the Company was engaged in a war of attrition with the king of Kandy, who had close ties with Ceylon’s Buddhist population. There was a narrow tongue of land at Elephant Pass a fort was built to guard the border with the king’s territory. Elephants captured on Ceylon were herded past here to Jaffna to be sold in India, hence the name Elephant Pass.
    End extract

    http://www.atlasofmutualheritage.nl/detail.aspx?page=dpost&lang=en&id=682#tab2

    There are 40% Tamils in the East today.
    How do you explain it?
    Was the East subject to Tamilisation?
    Were the Sinhalese subject to assimilation?

    The East was under the Kandyan Kingdom in 1600s as per the Dutch

    I doubt that you, the self styled Tamil Civil Society (aka LTTE tail), will have the guts to engage in a debate to prove the claims you make which are deceptive and false. But you are welcome to try. I can show how Wellawatte in Colombo was Tamilised with the help of high ranking Tamil Bureaucrats.

    I can also show how Human Rights stood in Jaffna long before any ethnic strife between Tamils and Sinhalese began. I can show that the first Riots in Tamil dominated North was between The Tamil Ruling class and the Tamil Peasantry where the Tamil peasants were fighting the Tamil Land owning class for Human Rights, the Dignity to be Human. The Right to Worship, the Right to Equal access to Education, the Right to obtain Drinking Water, the Right to the dignity of equal seating in Public Transport and Schools etc.

    It was you who created ethnic strife. Three Tamil Tamil Riots preceded the FIRST Tamil Sinhala riots which was instigated by the Tamil Nationalist Politician, Ponnambalam who attacked the Sinhalese very disparagingly at a Public Meeting in Nawalapitiya. Nawalapitiya is in the Central Highlands of the Sinhalese Hinterland that was Tamilised.

    Your despicable methods of incitement is deplorable.

  • karl singham

    Granting, at least for argument sake,the validity of Off the Cuffs claims,the issue that he must address is: What plans does the GOSL and its official and unofficial scribes have in store for the Tamils NOW?Or is the claim of these scribes that everything is perfect for the Tamils and that they do not face any special problems because they are Tamils? Surely, as good Buddhists, they are not seeking revenge on the poresent day Tamil people for past occurences for which they do not bear any responsiblity?

    • Off the Cuff

      Dear Carl Singham,

      I placed facts before GV and if you believe they are wrong please feel free to contest them. You will have a small problem with the extent of the Kandyan Kingdom and the historicity of the people who inhabited the East, as the evidence quoted, is from Dutch Government records.

      How can you Sinhalise an area which was Sinhalese to begin with?

      We have no problems coexisting with equal rights with any community in any area where we inhabit but some Tamils want exclusive and special rights over and above the other inhabitants of Lanka that they themselves cannot justify.

      It cannot be denied that Sinhala areas have undergone TAMILISATION to an unprecedented scale that remains unparalleled to the present day. Please read the references I have given in my previous post.

      If over HALF the Tamil population of Lanka, could colonise the Sinhala hinterland and still remain there to this day, what moral right does this so called “Tamil Civil Society” possess, to talk about Sinhalisation of the East when no such thing can happen?

      What Sri Lanka has experienced is Tamilisation of Sinhala areas and not Sinhalisation of Tamil areas as deceptively claimed.

      Are you one of the signatories to the appeal?
      If you are, please contest what I wrote else get at least one of those 98 signatories ranging from
      # 1, Rt. Rev. Dr. Rayappu Joseph, Bishop of Mannar
      to
      #98, Dr. A.Y. Thanenthiran, Teaching Hospital,Jaffna to contest them, as a reply from them is six months overdue. Surely, there is enough brain power in that list, to contest what I have written!

      You say “the issue that he must address is: What plans does the GOSL and its official and unofficial scribes have in store for the Tamils NOW?”

      I believe you should ask that question from the 98 people, who call themselves the “Tamil Civil Society” (sic), as they are collectively attempting to play the role of the Pied Piper, after one Pied Piper led the Tamils to destruction.

      You ask “Or is the claim of these scribes that everything is perfect for the Tamils and that they do not face any special problems because they are Tamils?”

      Nothing is perfect for the Sinhalese, Muslims, Malays, Burghers, Indian origin Tamils, Lanka Tamils or any other ethnic community in Sri Lanka simply due to their ethnicity. But I suppose the quest for power and special privileges has blinded you and the Pied Pipers to that reality.

      What are the special problems that you claim the Tamils have, that the other communities do not have?

      You say “Surely, as good Buddhists, they are not seeking revenge on the poresent day Tamil people for past occurences for which they do not bear any responsiblity?”

      If revenge was sought, there should have been a call for the expulsion of the Tamil population that are now in occupation of Lands robbed from the Sinhalese in the Hill country, which adversely altered the political land scape and livelihood of the inhabitants and the return of those lands to their rightful Sinhalese owners. But there is no such call.

      The call is for equitable ownership of Sri Lanka’s public resources. The call is to, share and share equally. Perhaps as good Hindus and Christians you will have no problem with that!

  • karl singham

    In the usual style of scapegoating Off the Cuff makes so many incoorect assumptions about my posiotions and identity that it will take too much time and space to respond to them.
    I don’t know about the signatories of this document but I have no quarrel with OTC’s statement:
    “The call is for equitable ownership of Sri Lanka’s public resources. The call is to, share and share equally.” I take it that this includes Muslims too and I do hope that certains political forces in the country will agree with ORC!

    • Off the Cuff

      Dear Karl Singham,

      I do not care about your identity but I do care about what is written here on GV which is a public forum and is hence a catalyst in developing Public Opinion.

      My first post exposed the Deception practised by the so called “Tamil Civil Society” which I will briefly enumerate below.

      1. The East of Lanka is a Historical Tamil habitat.
      2. The Tamil habitat in the East is being Sinhalised
      3. There is an ongoing process that is designed to Destroy the very existence of the Tamil people in Sri Lanka.

      All of the above are DESPICABLE LIES designed to mislead Foreigners and create dissension and hatred amongst the Tamils

      You decided to challenge that post but instead of challenging the content, tried to draw a Red Herring to divert attention. Was it because you had no facts to counter what I wrote?

      You claimed that Tamils have Special Problems that the other communities do not have. But when called upon to specify them you are unable to do so.

      You tried to insinuate what I wrote was tainted with revenge and tried to drag religion into the discussion. You were given an appropriate reply that showed revenge was not what I was after but Justice and equitable sharing of public resources amongst Lanka’s Citizens. Now you try to cast a slur on my stand by stating “I don’t know about the signatories of this document but I have no quarrel with OTC’s statement: “The call is for equitable ownership of Sri Lanka’s public resources. The call is to, share and share equally.” I take it that this includes Muslims too and I do hope that certains political forces in the country will agree with ORC!”

      I sincerely hope that you have a working command of the English Language.
      Where have I excluded any ethnic group in my comment, for you to ask me if the Muslims are included? You should have realised that ethnicity is irrelevant and that I was referring to ANY citizen of Lanka. That you read in to my statement, an ethnic exclusion, indicates, that your vision is coloured by race bias. There is one word in the English Language that describes such a person.

      I too hope that these “certain political forces” agree with my views and that includes all the separatists and people who have like minded views such as yours. But that is a vain hope and I am not as immature as you, to believe, that it will come to pass. But I will certainly challenge Bigotry, Racism, Exclusive Historical Homelands etc on public forums such as GV and will try to make it more difficult to propagate those ideas.

      You say ”In the usual style of scapegoating Off the Cuff makes so many incoorect assumptions about my posiotions and identity that it will take too much time and space to respond to them”

      Ha ha haaa, When you cannot dance, the floor is uneven! So blame the floor.
      That was a translation from a Sinhala idiom.
      I hope the meaning of scapegoat is clear now.

      Don’t attempt a serious discussion if you do not have the time and the facts.

      BTW you say you do not know the members of this so called Tamil Civil Society. You will find a link to their identities in my first post on this web page, the post that you decided to challenge. The credentials of the 98 people are impressive. There are Doctors, Lawyers, University Teachers, Educationalists, High ranking Priests and scribes such as Aacharya amongst them. They read and subscribe to GV and hence would have read my posts in which I challenge their spurious claims. But strangely, to date, non of them have countered them for over 6 months!

      They talk about Human Rights now, but did they do so when the LTTE was active?
      They say they work and live in the North and East, did they do so when the LTTE was active?
      Did these Hypocrites support and defend the Human Rights activists who risked and forfeited their lives by defending Human Rights while living in the midst of LTTE Tyrany?
      Did these pseudo Human Rights defenders defend the rights of Tamil Peasants when they were treated like Chattel even in the 1960’s?

      Did these Hypocrites stand up for the poorer Tamils who were deprived of an Education by the elite Tamils? Did they fight for the poorer Tamils who had to either sit on the ground or on a low stool in class while the Elite Tamils (who were their peers in class) sat on normal chairs at normal desks? Did they fight for the rights of these hapless students when the Tamil teachers treated them as Excreta? Did they stand up when drinking water was refused to the Tamil majority (the peasantry) in Jaffna? Did these Hypocrites fight for the Right of the poor Tamils to use Public Transport? Did these hypocrites fight the worst type of Apartheid and Segregation practised in Tamil areas by Elite Tamils that this country has ever seen? Did they fight to remove the prohibitions placed on Religious Worship by the Elite Tamils on the other Tamils? If the answer is no, would you say that they are not the scum of this Earth?

      There are Tamils living today, who have undergone all the above hardships. They have also seen first hand the different treatment and respect with which they were received in Sinhala areas. They are Living Evidence of the type of Human Rights practised in Tamil Areas by Tamil Elites on Tamils.

      These are the same Tamil Elites who are calling themselves the “Tamil Civil Society” an unashamedly misleading the Tamils by playing the Pied Piper’s music.

      • Myil Selvan

        Here we go again Off the Cuff,

        There seems to be many misinterpretations and misrepresentations on your part. First, you need to ask who are the Sinhala people? How old is their history viz a viz the Tamil people’s history? And other such questions.

        What you have talked about is more recent history regarding the eastern province but I would like to go back 2000 years or before and ask where were the Sinhala people then? The name Sinhala only appeared around the 9th century A.D. on inscriptions. Why? And other such questions.

        As for G.G. Ponnambalam inciting violence. You have misrepresented. G.G. Ponnambalam was merely stating a fact, that he thought was fact. If the Sinhala people reacted violently that only shows their intolerance. I believe G.G. Ponnambalam had some truth in his statement. You only have to look at the ancestory of SWRD Bandaranaiyake, J.R. Jayawardene and Parakramabahu I of Polonnaruwa. All of whom have some Tamil ancestors.

        Besides the fact that Tamil Nadu is the closest place on Earth to this island called Sri Lanka, strengthens the argument that Tamils would have had a closer link to this island.
        Thank you.

        • Off the Cuff

          Dear Myil Selvan,

          You say “There seems to be many misinterpretations and misrepresentations on your part”

          I believe you are stumped to provide historical evidence about the East being the Exclusive Historical Homeland of the Tamils as you have avoided the subject and is now trying to draw a Red Herring. Sadly that strategy won’t work.

          You ask “First, you need to ask who are the Sinhala people?”

          Does that have any relevance to the East being the Exclusive Historical Homeland of the Tamils? I cant see any relevance. Why don’t you try to establish it.

          I also note that you have accepted that there were THREE Tamils vs Tamil riots caused by the continuous Violation of Human Rights of the Tamil peasantry by the Tamil Elite Land owning class long before Sinhala Tamil ethnic riots saw the light of day when the Sinhalese were GOADED by a Tamil Separatist G. G. Ponnambalam.

          You ask “How old is their history viz a viz the Tamil people’s history?”

          We are not talking of the Tamil people of Tamil Nadu but of the Tamil people of Sri Lanka. You seem to be hard put to establish an indigenous Tamil history regarding the East of Sri Lanka.

          You say “And other such questions”

          What other questions?

          You ask “What you have talked about is more recent history regarding the eastern province but I would like to go back 2000 years or before and ask where were the Sinhala people then?”

          Glad to note that you have agreed with what I have written about the East of Sri Lanka in the 1600’s. Now we both agree that during Dutch occupation of parts of Lanka the East of Lanka was under the Sinhala Kingdom of Kandy. That means any claim of an exclusive Tamil Homeland has gone down the drain.

          Recorded History of the East of Sri Lanka does not prove the existence of ANY Tamil Kingdom in the East. If there is please place them here on GV and enlighten all of us.

          You ask “The name Sinhala only appeared around the 9th century A.D. on inscriptions. Why?”

          You are just making empty statements that won’t stand scrutiny.
          Are you trying to say that a written language comes first and the people second?
          That is funny logic.

          You say “And other such questions”

          Such as?

          You say “As for G.G. Ponnambalam inciting violence. You have misrepresented. G.G. Ponnambalam was merely stating a fact, that he thought was fact”

          Do yo understand what you are writing?
          You have just admitted that G. G. Ponnambalam lied.
          You see, just because someone THOUGHT it was fact does not make it a fact. G.G.Pannambalam INCITED the Sinhalese.

          You say “If the Sinhala people reacted violently that only shows their intolerance”

          Funny logic again.
          The INCITER is to be absolved and the Victims are to be blamed!

          You say “I believe G.G. Ponnambalam had some truth in his statement”

          Again you are admitting that G.G.Ponnambalam was Inciting the Sinhalese.

          You say “You only have to look at the ancestory of SWRD Bandaranaiyake, J.R. Jayawardene and Parakramabahu I of Polonnaruwa. All of whom have some Tamil ancestors”

          Myil, the Sinhalese and the Tamils share a common gene pool of 55%
          Does that prove that the East of Lanka was the Exclusive Historical Tamil Homeland?

          You say “Besides the fact that Tamil Nadu is the closest place on Earth to this island called Sri Lanka, strengthens the argument that Tamils would have had a closer link to this island”

          That is a puerile argument, given the following facts.

          1. Currently 75% of the Lankan population is Sinhalese.
          2. If not for the importation of Indian Tamils in the 17th and 18 th centuries by colonial rulers (in excess of the totality of indigenous Tamils living in Lanka), the Tamil population of Lanka would have been half of what it is today and the Sinhalese population well over 80%
          3. There is no place on Earth where the race called Sinhalese are indigenous other than Lanka
          4. Growth rates of Tamils and Sinhalese are similar

          Now if you can explain, given natural circumstances, how the Sinhalese population can exceed 80% given similar growth of the two populations (which eliminates impotency and infertility as the primary cause for the small Tamil population) without any influx of Sinhalese from elsewhere, that explanation would be enlightening.

          The East of Lanka was never the exclusive domain of the indigenous Tamils of Lanka. They lived in the East and so did the Sinhalese, the Malays, the Burghers, the Kaffirs etc. Neither you nor the members of the so called “Tamil Civil Society” (with a plethora of University Teachers, Doctors, Lawyers, Religious Leaders and Educationalists amongst its members) could disprove it.

          The Exclusive Historical Tamil Homeland in the East, is a FARCE, cooked up by Tamil separatists to steal Lanka’s public resources.

          • myil selvan

            Dear Off the Cuff,

            “I believe you are stumped to provide historical evidence about the East being the Exclusive Historical Homeland of the Tamils as you have avoided the subject and is now trying to draw a Red Herring. Sadly that strategy won’t work.”

            Not stumped but rather a bit confused with your brand of logic. Can you provide historical evidence to show otherwise? Please don’t use ancient Buddhist sites and claim that is the reason there were Sinhalese. Because there were Thamil Buddhists as well at that time.

            “Does that have any relevance to the East being the Exclusive Historical Homeland of the Tamils? I cant see any relevance. Why don’t you try to establish it.”

            It does, because you need to know the origins of people to begin with, especially when you claim that Sinhalese and Thamils share a common gene pool of 55%. That means 55% of whatever is Sinhalese is also Thamil.

            “I also note that you have accepted that…..of day when the Sinhalese were GOADED by a Tamil Separatist G. G. Ponnambalam.”

            I have not accepted your blinkered version, yet. Please provide links that I can check up on. Why do you call GG a separatist?

            “We are not talking of the Tamil people of Tamil Nadu but of the Tamil people of Sri Lanka. You seem to be hard put to establish an indigenous Tamil history regarding the East of Sri Lanka.”

            If you want to discuss the history of the East of Sri Lanka first you would have to know where the different ethnic groups originated. Your theory falls flat if you can’t establish a foundation for the beginnings of the Sinhalese and Thamil people.

            “What other questions?”
            Other questions related to the beginnings of the Sinhala people, Tamil people, etc.

            “Glad to note that you have agreed with what I have written about the East of Sri Lanka in the 1600?s. Now we both agree that during Dutch occupation of parts of Lanka the East of Lanka was under the Sinhala Kingdom of Kandy. That means any claim of an exclusive Tamil Homeland has gone down the drain.”
            Please don’t try to push words into my mouth. This maybe your way of avoiding the truth. I haven’t agreed with you yet. Please provide web links. Why is the Kingdom of Kandy Sinhala? can it not be Tamil as well, since you say Sinhalese and Tamils have a shared gene pool? Besides I never claimed East was exclusively Tamil homeland. This shows your desire to lump people together and stereotype without proper facts. Although I do think the East was predominantly Tamil.

            “Recorded History of the East of Sri Lanka does not prove the existence of ANY Tamil Kingdom in the East. If there is please place them here on GV and enlighten all of us.”
            Does it prove existence of Sinhala people in the East, just because it came under the Kandyan Kingdom? What are your sources?

            “You are just making empty statements that won’t stand scrutiny.
            Are you trying to say that a written language comes first and the people second?
            That is funny logic.”

            Maybe for those who can’t face the truth any statement that goes against their view is empty.
            What I am saying is – the Sinhala people say that this country was known as Sihaladipa in ancient times to prove this island is theirs. But the word Sinhala only emerged around the 9th century AD. In other words only 1200 years ago. But the Sinhalese claim a history of 2500 or 2300 years. Doesn’t that sound a bit odd? Do you think these claims tally?

            Such as?
            Questions related to the beginning of the Sinhala people, Tamil people, etc.

            “Do yo understand what you are writing?
            You have just admitted that G. G. Ponnambalam lied.
            You see, just because someone THOUGHT it was fact does not make it a fact. G.G.Pannambalam INCITED the Sinhalese.”

            Oh yes, I perfectly understand, but do you? I haven’t admitted GG lied. I am merely saying that GG said what he thought was true. Hence you can’t blame GG for saying what he genuinely thought was true. Now I believe that GG said the Sinhalese came from the Tamils, which I believe is true. Even you say Sinhalese and Tamils have common gene pool of upto 55%. If the Sinhalese people got angry because he said something that was contrary to their belief then that only shows their ignorance and intolerance. As for inciting, it is hard to say just by looking at the words itself. One has to know the tone of voice employed and the gestures employed, etc. So you should give more details to your claim of incitement. But GG saying what he believed is true, is not wrong. Whatever others think is irrelevant cos GG was going according to what he believed is true. You can’t call that incitement from the face of it.

            “Funny logic again.
            The INCITER is to be absolved and the Victims are to be blamed!”
            The logic is only funny to those who are afraid of the truth. Are you trying to say the perpetrators of violence are the victims? What kind of logic is that?

            “Again you are admitting that G.G.Ponnambalam was Inciting the Sinhalese.”

            When one says what he believes is true does that mean incitement to you? I don’t think so. To me it shows someone willing to speak the truth under tough circumstances. Incitement would be to you harsh language and profanity and the tone of voice being rude and gestures deemed offensive.

            “Myil, the Sinhalese and the Tamils share a common gene pool of 55%
            Does that prove that the East of Lanka was the Exclusive Historical Tamil Homeland?”

            Well it proves that 55% of what is Sinhalese is also Tamil. Do you get that? Common gene pool means what? We have the same DNA, right? so Sinhalese came from Tamils, right? Then GG was also right?

            “That is a puerile argument, given the following facts.
            1. Currently 75% of the Lankan population is Sinhalese.
            2. If not for the importation of Indian Tamils in the 17th and 18 th centuries by colonial rulers (in excess of the totality of indigenous Tamils living in Lanka), the Tamil population of Lanka would have been half of what it is today and the Sinhalese population well over 80%
            3. There is no place on Earth where the race called Sinhalese are indigenous other than Lanka
            4. Growth rates of Tamils and Sinhalese are similar”

            Well, according to figures that I checked the Sinhalese are close to 80%, with Tamils at 12% and Muslims at 8%. These are rough figures. Thamil people have been leaving Sri Lanka due to the 1983 riots and the war that continued from then on. Because the war was mainly in predominantly Tamil populated areas. Well to do Tamils generally went to western countries while the poorer ones went to India.

            “Now if you can explain, given natural circumstances, how the Sinhalese population can exceed…….. that explanation would be enlightening.”
            Get ready to be enlightened. The increase in Sinhalese is because the Tamils have left Sri Lanka due to 83 riots and the war that continued from then on. Tamils also have died in the wars in equal proportion to Sinhalese, but probably slightly more. Hence because of these the Tamil population has declined. Another reason is Tamils who marry Sinhalese do not want to push their ethnic identity. Some Tamil men have taken their Sinhala wife’s maiden name so as to be on the safe side in case another 83 comes along.

            “The East of Lanka was never the exclusive domain of the indigenous Tamils of Lanka. They lived in the East and so did the Sinhalese, the Malays,…………….. could disprove it.”
            Once again I’m not saying it was exclusive homeland but predominantly it was Tamil. Later on the Burghers and Malays, Kaffirs came along. Can you prove it wasn’t exclusive? what are your sources?

            “The Exclusive Historical Tamil Homeland in the East, is a FARCE, cooked up by Tamil separatists to steal Lanka’s public resources.”
            Well, sadly what is a FARCE is the Sinhala-Buddhist race theory and their claim to Buddhism and the entirety of this island for themselves. They want to create a mono-ethnic sri lanka, which has never been mono ethnic. There were Tamil Buddhists at one time. South India was Buddhist at one time before Hinduism had a revival and reclaimed its predominant position. The Tamil people have been living in the east for centuries, it is ridiculous to say our people lived there 2000 years ago so you guys leave. Would the Sinhalese leave Kataragama, which is popular for its Hindu kovil, which was predominantly worshiped by Tamils up until the 1940s but after 1940s Sinhala Buddhists have grabbed it and taken over. They even tried to stop Tamils from coming to Kathirkamam (Katharagama) at one time. So if Tamils say this is our Kovil for the past 2000 years and ask Sinhalese to leave would that be right? BTW the legend in Kathirkamam (Katharagama) has it that the shiva lingam is 4000 years old. Now how many Tamils have you heard using that legend to say we are natives here?
            Would the Sinhala Buddhists return Tondeshwaram Kovil, which is in Dondra, Matara district back to the Tamil Hindus who worshipped there? It is one of the 5 ancient shiva ishvarams on this island. Shiva worship is mainly by Thamil people. Hence this is the real farce – Sinhala-Buddhist chauvinism trying to claim the entirety of the island on myths and fantasies.

          • Off the Cuff

            Dear Selvan,

            You say “Please provide links that I can check up on”

            Though I am not averse to providing references (which I have done when necessary), is it not a hypocritical request, when you completely avoid doing so? I did not see a single reference within your posts.

            “Not stumped but rather a bit confused with your brand of logic. Can you provide historical evidence to show otherwise? Please don’t use ancient Buddhist sites and claim that is the reason there were Sinhalese. Because there were Thamil Buddhists as well at that time”

            The East was a Sinhala Kingdom.
            The Sinhala Kingdoms were multi cultural.
            Persecuted Muslims were settled in the East by a Sinhala King.
            Sinhalese were living in Sinhala Kingdoms along with others.
            Can you provide historical evidence to show otherwise?
            (BTW there are Tamil Buddhists even now).

            Please note that my contention is that the East, fraudulently claimed by separatist Tamils as their Exclusive Historical Homeland, was even in the 16th century, a Sinhala Kingdom (ref Dutch Govt Records). There is no record of the East ever being a Tamil Kingdom. Of course Tamils, Muslims, descendants of Portuguese and others lived there, along with the Sinhalese. The Eastern Province is a 19th century creation of the British. Even today, Tamils are not a majority in the Eastern province as they constitute about 40%. All of Sri Lanka is the home of ALL her citizens and no part of it is an exclusive homeland of any Ethnicity.

            In fact according to Yalpana Vaipa Malai, the 18th century Tamil written works, even Yalpanam (Peninsular Jaffna), was given as a donation or grant to the Yarl-player (lute player) called Yarlpadi by the Sinhala king Wasaba.

            You can give only what you posses. Hence during Wasaba’s reign, even peninsular Jaffna was a Sinhala Kingdom.

            To my question, Does that have any relevance to the East being the Exclusive Historical Homeland of the Tamils? You replied as follows. “It does, because you need to know the origins of people to begin with, especially when you claim that Sinhalese and Thamils share a common gene pool of 55%. That means 55% of whatever is Sinhalese is also Thamil”

            Have you established the origins of Lanka Tamils?

            The genetic study revealing a common gene pool between Sinhalese and Tamils is freely available on the Internet. It is not my claim but that of the researchers. Are you rejecting that claim? Do the Muslims share a common gene pool with the Tamils? Surely, a common gene pool of 50+% proves a blood relationship, which is a stronger bond than that of a common language!

            However, you have made a good observation (which I was hoping you would) though your argument is faulty. You wrote “That means 55% of whatever is Sinhalese is also Thamil”
            Remember that the corollary is also true.

            So how do you advance the argument of the Separatists, of an “Exclusive Historical Tamil Homeland”? It never existed in the East and you are definitely STUMPED to prove otherwise.

            You say “I have not accepted your blinkered version, yet. Please provide links that I can check up on. Why do you call GG a separatist? ”

            When you say “……. that he thought was fact” you imply that it was (in reality) not fact, else you would have stated, he KNEW it was fact.

            Furthermore, you wrote “What you have talked about is more recent history regarding the eastern province but I would like to go back 2000 years or before and ask where were the Sinhala people then?”

            Please note the emphasised text.
            You have passed unchallenged, what I wrote about the history of the East in the 1600s. You have passed unchallenged, the Dutch Govt record which proves that the border between the Dutch ruled Jaffna Peninsular and the Kandian kingdom of the Sinhalese was at Elephant Pass, the extreme northern end of the mainland.
            Yet you say you did not agree.
            Wonder what language you were using to write what you wrote.
            Blinkered?

            You are welcome to go back in history as much as you want to establish your claims but please do so with historical references.

            This is what you wrote, to explain why, the population of Lanka is currently 75% Sinhalese.

            “Well, according to figures that I checked the Sinhalese are close to 80%, with Tamils at 12% and Muslims at 8%. These are rough figures. Thamil people have been leaving Sri Lanka due to the 1983 riots and the war that continued from then on. Because the war was mainly in predominantly Tamil populated areas. Well to do Tamils generally went to western countries while the poorer ones went to India”

            That explains why the so called “Tamil Civil Society”, left, challenging what I wrote, to a person with a lesser intellect, than them. Lawyer-Scribes like Aachaarya, University Teachers, Doctors, Engineers and Educationists could not risk their reputation, by subscribing to such Juvenile Arguments!

            Please state the references you used.

            The Census of 1911 gives the Indigenous population of Lanka as follows

            Sinhalese 2,715,500 76.7%
            Lanka Tamils 528,000 14.9%
            Muslims 233,900 6.6%
            Malays 13,000 0.4%
            Eurasian 26,700 0.8%
            Others 25,600 0.6%
            Total 3,542,700 100%

            Please try again and explain how, the Tamils of Lanka, who you claim to have a history In LANKA, much longer than that of the Sinhalese, constituted only 14.9% of the Total Population in 1911.

            Was it sexually related, such as impotency or infertility?
            Was it due to a debilitating illness such as Malaria, Tuberculosis, Small Pox etc?
            Was it due to a Natural disaster such as a Tsunami or a Meteorite wiping out the population?

            While you are at it, please try an explain why these pre historic Tamils, colonised the infertile dry zone, when they had the whole of Lanka to chose from.

            GG Ponnambalam was a Racist Separatist
            The thoughts that he expressed proves it.

            G.G. Ponnambalam began the racist cry in the 1930s.
            He declared that he was a PROUD DRAVIDIAN (The Hansard, 1935, column 3045).

            At a meeting in Navalapitiya in 1939, Ponnambalam attacked the Mahavamsa and the Sinhalese in such extreme terms that the people attacked him, and the first Sinhala-Tamil riots began, with clashes in Navalapitiya, Passara, Maskeliya and even in Jaffna (Hindu Organ, November 1, 1939)

            Bandaranaike and others at first worked on the Ceylon equivalent of the “Indian national congress” and sought to obtain independence within the concept of a ” Ceylonese” nation which embraced the Sinhalese, Tamils, Muslims and other groups. The Older Tamil leaders (Ponnambalam Arunachalam and Ponnambalam Ramanathan) were favourable to this, as long as they controlled the show. GGP played the communal card to break the hold Arunachalam and Ramanathan held in Tamil politics. (see Dr. Jane Russell’s, Communal Politics under the Donoughmore Constitution, Tissara Publishers, 1982).

            This is identified as the main cause of the failure of the Ceylon National Congress and the concept of a United Sri Lanka (Prof. K. M. de Silva, University of Ceylon History of Ceylon, p401).

            Tamils continued to insist that they are effectively a majority community (Morning Star, January 2, 1934).

            G.G. Ponnambalam stands out as the ORIGINATOR of Racism in modern Sri Lanka.

            All of Sri Lanka is home to her citizens and ethnicity plays no part in it. All of her public resources have no ethnic owner and all citizens should benefit by them.

          • Myil Selvan

            Dear Off the Cuff,

            You say:
            “Though I am not averse………………………………… single reference within your posts.”

            I thought we were engaged in a discussion based on Good Faith. But you seem more interested in a debate to win.

            “The East was a Sinhala Kingdom.
            The Sinhala Kingdoms were multi cultural.”

            Aren’t you contradicting yourself. If the kingdom was multicultural then it is a multicultural kingdom. how is it a sinhala kingdom?

            “Persecuted Muslims were settled in the East by a Sinhala King.
            Sinhalese were living in Sinhala Kingdoms along with others.”

            Then why do you call it a sinhala kingdom if others were living in it?

            “Please note that my contention is that the……………….. course Tamils, Muslims, descendants of Portuguese and others lived there, along with the Sinhalese.”

            Why do you keep calling it a Sinhala Kingdom? What is your criteria for that designation?

            “The Eastern Province is a 19th century creation of the British.”

            And so is a united sri lanka. Sri Lanka was never united before that.

            “Even today, Tamils are not a majority in the Eastern province as they constitute about 40%.”

            Correct. That is because of the moving in of Sinhalese by the Sinhala governments of sri lanka. Also because of the war Thamil people have fled the area. Have you forgotten how Kent and Dollar farms were created or how Manal Aru became Welioya?

            “All of Sri Lanka is the home of ALL and not an exclusive homeland of any Ethnicity.”

            Agreed. But why do the Buddhists and sinhalese claim it as a Sinhala-Buddhist country? Why was Buddhism given a prominent place? Various governments of Sri Lanka have only supported the Sinhala-Buddhist project. As such your statement seems to be said just for effect.

            “In fact according to Yalpana Vaipa Malai, the 18th century Tamil written ………….called Yarlpadi by the Sinhala king Wasaba.”

            Wasaba’s inscriptions were in Prakrit Thamil in Jaffna. Once again how do you claim it is sinhala? How do you formulate that it was sinhala apart from the fact that a so called sinhala king gave it? Besides 18th century once again is more recent history.

            “Have you established the origins of Lanka Tamils?”
            The Naga people are probably Tamils as the worship of the cobra suggests and its affinity to Saivite Hinduism. Also names such as Nagamma, Nagappar, etc are names used by Thamils. Don’t also forget the Nagapoosani amman kovil in Nainathivu which the sinhalese call nagadipa. Nagadipa vihara came about in the 1940s and is derived from the Hindu worship just as Buddhism is.

            “The genetic study revealing a common gene pool between Sinhale………. gene pool of 50+% proves a blood relationship, which is a stronger bond than that of a common language!”

            Where are you going with this argument?
            Give me a link to check your source on the common genepool? There are a lot of infor on the web. give me your source so that I can check.

            “However, you have made a good observation……….. that the corollary is also true.”

            Correct. But remember the Thamil people are the older group. Do you accept that? Will the Sinhalese accept their Thamil heritage? Will they stop espousing falty theories that they are from North India only?

            “So how do you advance the argument of the Separatists, of an “Exclusive Historical Tamil Homeland”? It never existed in the East and you are definitely STUMPED to prove otherwise.”

            It was sinhala terrorism that made Thamil separatists. Thamil people of Sri Lanka were one of the first to agitate for independence for Ceylon, check the Jaffna Youth Congress. So we are not for separatism. I never claimed exclusivity but there are some others who have. But what I’m saying is that the East at that time was predominantly Tamil. Will you accept this truth?

            “When you say “……. that he thought was fact” you imply that it was (in reality) not fact, else you would have stated, he KNEW it was fact.”

            Come on, stop being pedantic. You are just playing with words. Why do you want to obfuscate?

            “You have passed unchallenged………. You have passed unchallenged, the Dutch Govt record ………….of the mainland.”

            Well I actually agree with some of your points but don’t agree with your categorization of Sinhala. You really seem to love these Dutch govt records, don’t you? If we used international sources you would probably say it’s an International conspiracy?

            “Yet you say you did not agree.
            Wonder what language you were using to write what you wrote.
            Blinkered?”

            What I meant by not agree is because I don’t agree with all of it and next because I wanted to check up on some sources. Yet, you want to make every little thing an issue. Are you trying to win a contest or trying to discuss in good faith?

            “That explains why the so called “Tamil Civil Society”, left, challenging what I wrote, to a person with a lesser intellect, than them. Lawyer-Scribes like Aachaarya, University Teachers, Doctors, Engineers and Educationists could not risk their reputation, by subscribing to such Juvenile Arguments!”

            This definitely shows on which side you want to jump on to. And it is because of this mentality that we have caste riots and other forms of riots because some think they are better humans than others. And then you talk about caste riots,etc. You seem to be the high caste who would gladly attack the lower castes if they went against your views. No matter what, I believe in seeking the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the whole truth, so help me God. If you can’t beat the truth, in the least try not to insult it. I have already said that the Tamils became Sinhalese and buddhists because of the buddhist scriptures being in Pali and the formation of the sinhala language from it. What is so juvenile about that?

            “Please try again and explain how, the Tamils of Lanka, who you claim to have a history In LANKA, much longer than that of the Sinhalese, constituted only 14.9% of the Total Population in 1911.”

            Look at the answer above. You haven’t proved the sinhalese are an older people than the Thamils. Then you claim a common gene pool of 55% with them. What is the provenance of the sinhala peole?

            “While you are at it, please try an explain why these pre historic Tamils, colonised the infertile dry zone, when they had the whole of Lanka to chose from.”

            There was no choosing, people moved according to their livelihood and survival requirements. I guess that was the choice. Thamils were all over sri lanka. But after the 9 or 10th century AD it divided along the lines you now talk of. Thamil people converted to Buddhism and adopted the language of the buddhist texts, which later evolved into sinhalese. But the close connection to Thamil Nadu meant that there would also be a Thamil speaking population even though the older ones were now speaking sinhalese.

            “GG Ponnambalam …….. a (Hindu Organ, November 1, 1939)”
            Well if you say he did attack the sinhalese then we can call that provocation. But what I only said was that I would need more details to know if her provoked, like his tone of voice, etc.

            “Bandaranaike and others at first worked on the Ceylon equivalent of the “Indian nat………… politics. (see Dr. Jane Russell’s, Communal Politics under the Donoughmore Constitution, Tissara Publishers, 1982).”

            Well why did Bandaranaike who was born into a christian family and baptised in the anglican church become a buddhist if he was really interested in bringing the country together? And what of the Sinhala Maha Sabah?

            “G.G. Ponnambalam stands out as the ORIGINATOR of Racism in modern Sri Lanka.”
            And yet the Buddhists were attacking the Muslims in 1915. Was that not racism? You truly are amazing.

            “All of Sri Lanka is home to her citizens and ethnicity plays no part in it. All of her public resources have no ethnic owner and all citizens should benefit by them”

            Just another bland cliche said for effect. Get rid of the special place for Buddhism in the constitution and the mantra of “this country is Sinhala-Buddhist”, only then can we look foward to what you say.