Media monitoring of Navi Pillay’s visit to Sri Lanka

Photograph courtesy UN Sri Lanka

At the invitation of the Sri Lankan Government, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay visited Sri Lanka at the end of August in what was, in her words, “the longest official visit I have ever made to a single country”.

Groundviews requested Selvaraj Rajasegar, a colleague at the Media Unit at the Centre for Policy Alternatives to, without going into too much of detail, assess the reportage around her visit and mission. This was done to test a hunch that mainstream Tamil language newspapers would be far more interested in Pillay’s visit than, in particular, the Sinhala language press or the English language press as well.

Pillay visited Jaffna and other places in the North of Sri Lanka on 27th August, meeting with citizens, civil society and political party representatives. Reportage of her visit the next day in the Tamil, Sinhala and English media is very revealing.

Tamil newspapers

Name Total news items Lead News
Thinakkural 9 7 Lead / 2 Photos
Sudar Oli 9 8 Lead / 1 Photo
Virakesari 6 6 Lead / 3 Photos
Thinakaran (State) 14 -

Sinhala newspapers

Name Total news items Lead News
Lankadeepa 7 1 (1 Photos)
Lakbima 13 1 Lead / 1 Photo
Divaina 15 3 (1 Photo)
Dinamina (State) 10 -

English newspapers

News Paper Total News Lead News
Daily Mirror 9 1
Daily News 10 1 Lead

Aside from the obvious difference in the number of articles devoted to Pillay’s interactions in the North of Sri Lanka, Sinhala and Tamil State media simply  blacked out this segment of her visit. Divaina, published by  Upali Newspapers Ltd and sister newspaper of The Island, was deeply critical of Pillay’s visit. One article quoted Transport Minister Kumara Welgama’s assertion that Pillay’s intervention in the domestic affairs of Sri Lanka was unacceptable. The other focussed on Pillay’s request to do away with the infamous Prevention of Terrorism Act (PTA), noting that the Government of Sri Lanka did not agree to this.

The Daily Mirror, owned by  Wijeya Newspapers Ltd, published a single story around Pillay on the 28th, linked to the statement by senior Government minister Mervyn Silva to “marry” Pillay. In addition to reporting this news item, the Daily Mirror’s graphics desk had also conjured up a cartoon, depicting the Minister and Pillay (see high resolution image of the front page here). Not a single other article or story covering Pillay’s visit to the North of Sri Lanka was carried on the front page. At the top of the front page, linking to page A9 is an article titled ‘Morality of Navi Pillay’s Visit’. This article was written by the JHU’s Udaya Gammanpila, and was specifically condemned by Pillay in her end of mission statement and forcing even the President of Sri Lanka to apologise.

The State owned Daily News published on its front page an article critical of Pillay, covering the President’s visit to Belarus and calling the UN Human Rights Council (HRC) an “anti-Lankan catspaw“.

Rajesh also looked at the coverage of Pillay’s mission to Sri Lanka from 28th August to 1st September, in other words, her mission to Sri Lanka after her visit to the North, including her end of mission press conference.

Tamil newspapers (Private)

News Paper Total News (Related) Lead News Photos Editorial
Thinakkural 27 5 10 2
Sudar Oli 35 5 4 2
Virakesari 27 5 13 4
Total 89 15 27 8

Sinhala newspapers (Private)

News Paper Total News (Related) Lead News Photos Editorial
Lankadeepa 11 6
Lakbima 11 3 6
Divaina 14 6 1
Total 36 3 18 1

English newspapers (Private)

News Paper Total News (Related) Lead News) Photos Editorial
Daily Mirror 12 5 1

State owned newspapers

News Paper Total News (Related) Lead News Photos Editorial
Dinamina 5 1 1 2
Silumina 1 1
Thinakaran 9 2 3 1
Daily News 4 2 1 2
Total 19 5 6 5

The difference between State and Private print media coverage, and the difference between Tamil language coverage vs. Sinhala and English is evident. In what was one of the most important missions to Sri Lanka by any UN official in recent times, regarding issues deeply relevant to not just the Government’s own LLRC National Action Plan, but sustained scrutiny of Sri Lanka’s democratic deficit and human rights record at the UN Human Rights Council and other international fora, the Sinhala and English language media quite simply failed to inform the public.

Groundviews was repeatedly told that mainstream media were pressured to underplay coverage of Pillay’s visit.

The end result is that citizens who rely on mainstream media in Sri Lanka to inform them – who largely don’t read Groundviews, don’t access Colombo Telegraph and don’t know of Vikalpa – are both ill-informed and mis-informed about Pillay’s visit. This has enduring effects, like for example the ability of Sri Lanka’s Foreign Minister to openly lie about UN statistics when rebutting Pillay’s statements, in full knowledge that the mainstream media won’t question him on this, and that facts are secondary to polemics.

  • Sarwan

    I like to comment about Gotabaya’s statement on Extremism.

    The Defence Secretary said: “We have experienced untold hardships due
    to terrorism, separatism and cross-border operations over the past
    three decades. Although the war ended over four years ago, extremism can
    cause major problems for Sri Lanka. The government is aware of the
    danger and the consequences of the failure to address the issue. We are
    taking steps on the ground to meet the threat.”

    Sinhala
    extremism was the first one to show its ugly head in 1958. Since then it
    has escalated to cause repression, State terrorism and genocide of
    Tamils.

    Can Russia and China first extricate this mad and long standing curse of Sinhala extremism in Sri Lanka.

  • Obamasal

    Presidential Commission appointed by the ex-president Mrs Chandrika Bandaranayake concluded that the media orchestrated the 1983 Black July riots by publishing the killing of 13 soldiers by LTTE and blacking out the retaliatory killing of 56 Tamil civilians in Jaffna by the military. The journalists and editors of English and Sinhala media wine and dine with the president and observe a self censorship of news that haapen in Tamil speaking areas. It’s sad but institutional racism is rife in our country.

  • Kirthi Jayasekera

    In my view she got ample or too much coverage that made it very boring topic.

  • Dev

    Thanks for this, I was wondering this myself as I saw so little coverage on her visit in the Daily News. I read the Daily news during my lunch break, more as a “laugh” to see what spin is given to events here but was surprised to see so little on Ms. Pillay’s visit-this quantifies that feeling I got, thanks GV for this effort.

    I think this is not only with regard to the visit but even the LLRC is still a mystery to the vast majority of the people, not realizing that it will benefit the whole country but no…..ignorance is good for the ruling elites

    Same goes with regard to the coverage of what goes on in the north -the forced birth control a case in point !

  • Lord Shiva

    There is no history of dictators or criminal regimes continue in their blood-path for long like Hitler, Pol Pot but given the advancement in science and technology, the International community should swift to put an end to madness, extremism and barbarianism thus reducing the number of victims and colossal damage to the society.

    Although the war ended in may 2009, hundreds of thousand of people including the surrendered POWs are disappeared at the hands of the state forces and state sponsored gangs.

    What does the following show to the world?
    “Since 1981, 114 persons have been killed due to the exercise of freedom of expression, including journalists and media workers.”

    “34 Journalists have been documented as killed between 2005 till to date…”

    “Over 50 journalists, including prominent and well known press freedom activists, have gone into exile since 2009.”

    What more required to the International Community to forcefully investigate crimes against humanity, use of chemical weapons against the Tamils and the genocide?